10 MIND-BLOWING STATISTICS ABOUT WATER
Today is World Water Day, and here at Enlighly we like our water almost as much as we like our statistics. We thought we’d give you some facts that will really make a splash on your perception of this precious resource:
1. Water helps empower women
According to The Water Project reducing the distance from the water source from 30min to 15min increased girl’s school attendance by 12%
2. Investing in water pays off handsomely!
According to the peeps at the World Health Organization, investment in infrastructure related to water and its sanitation really is worth the buck.
1$ may yield economic returns of between 200% and 3,300% when invested in water
3. Water treatment is a huge opportunity
Today, up to 90% of wastewater in developing countries flows untreated into rivers, lakes and highly productive coastal zones, threatening health, food, security and access to safe drinking and bathing water. The energy demanded for water treatment is predicted to increase by 44% by 2030.
4. Pollution has already taken a huge toll
Between 1970 and 2000, populations of freshwater species declined by 55%
5. Fighting drought has made some countries way richer
When both Malawi and Brazil managed to reduce their droughts by 50%, they saw their Per Capita GDP increase by 20% and 7% respectively.
Percentage increase in per capita GDP
That is the equivalent of Brazil adding one New Zealand to their their economy!
6. Almost 1/2 of Earth’s terrestrial surface is covered by international river basins
Percentage of the world's terrestrial surface covered by international basins
Or more precisely, Transboundary River Basins. International law dictates that the countries that share a basin collaborate in the management and protection of its resources. Europe and Africa have the most of these international basins (68 and 64 each).
7. The three 70% to watch
70% global food demand increase by 2050
70% of people live in areas that are not water stressed, so 30% have to deal with scarcity
If the majority of water goes to agriculture, and agriculture is going to need to produce a lot more food in the coming years, even though a lot of people already live in water-stressed areas… you do the math!
8. Water can have a tremendous human impact
These percentages indicate the reduction in water-related deaths that could be accomplished by addressing each of those factors isolatedly, imagine the impact of the three together!
Percentage of death reduction thanks to each factor
9. The earth used to contain x4 as much water as it does today
Many studies speculate that water on earth came bound in asteroids and comets known as planetesimals.
10. Our consumption varies dramatically by age or geography
Hover your mouse over the icons to see some patterns:
- The Global Water Partnership
- UN Water Agency
- UN Conference on Trade and Development
- The Water Project, Inc.
- Franks, Felix. Water, a Comprehensive Treatise. Plenum Press 1972
- Bay County, FL website